The Survey Team - all Set for the 6th National Nutrition Survey PDF Print E-mail
FNRI DIGEST
Written by Elsie R. Navarro, NCS-RUMD   
The FNRI survey team composed of nutritionist-dietitians, medical technologists, and chemists are all set to conduct the 6th NNS at their respective areas of assignment.

The Food and Nutrition Research Institute - Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) is all set to assess and update the food and nutrition situation of the country.

Under EO No. 128 dated January 30, 1987, the FNRI is mandated to undertake research that defines the nutritional status of the Filipino citizenry with reference particularly to the malnutrition problem, its causes and effects, and to identify alternative solutions to them.

Through EO 352 dated July 01, 1996, the FNRI-DOST's National Nutrition Surveys (NNS) and the Updating of the Nutritional Status of Filipino Children have been designated as important statistical activities that generate critical data for decision making of the government and the private sector.

The general objective of the 6th National Nutrition Survey is to assess and update the food consumption situation and nutritional status of the Filipino population. The specific objectives are:

To assess nutritional status of various population groups using anthropometric and biochemical indicators of nutritional status;

To assess household and per capita food and nutrient intake and adequacy;

To assess usual food and nutrient intake of 0-5 year-old children and pregnant and lactating women;

To assess prevalence of household food insecurity based on perception or lack of ability to acquire food in household and selected household members;

To track down the changes in the nutritional status of these population groups from 1998 and 2001;

To determine the prevalence of risk factors and the prevalence of nutrition-related chronic degenerative diseases among Filipino adults; and

To provide benchmark data on consumption of fortifiable staples and fortified foods by 0-5 year-old children, pregnant and lactating women, and to monitor the progress of the Food Fortification Program.

The NNS is conducted once every five years. In-between the 5-year period, or every 2-3 years, an update on the nutritional situation of children is conducted.

Survey components and methodology of the 6th NNS are:

Anthropometric Nutrition Survey - measurement of weight and height of all members of sample households, plus all (complete count of) pregnant and lactating women and elderly (60 y of age and over) in the Enumeration Areas:

Biochemical Nutrition Survey - collection of 1) blood samples by finger prick from 0-5 y old children and pregnant and lactating women; 2) urine samples from 6-10 y old children, and 3) breastmilk samples from lactating women to measure vitamin A, iron and iodine status of these population groups;

Clinical Nutrition Survey - assessment of the prevalence of nutrition- and lifestyle-related risk factors to chronic degenerative diseases, and prevalence of chronic degenerative diseases, among sampled adults in the Enumeration Areas, based on responses to interviews, measurement of blood presure, ECG, ankle brachial index, bone density, cardiac and respiratory rates, BMI, waist-hip ratio, mid-upper arm circumference, % body fat, and lipid, blood glucose, creatinine and microalbuminuria profiles.

 


 

Dietary Assessment and Household Food Consumption Survey - these consist of:

1) 2-day (non-consecutive days) 24-hour food recall among 0-5 y old children, pregnant and lactating women;
2) 1-wk food frequency on consumption of fortifiable staples and fortified foods among 0-5 y old children, pregnant and lactating women;
3) market survey on availability of fortifiable staples and fortified foods;
4) household food insecurity questionnaire; and
5) 1-day household food weighing

Socio-economic Survey -identification of socio-economic characteriestics of sample households

Target coverage:

The Sixth NNS is adopting the Master Sample of the 2003 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) of the National Statistics Office, to maximize the utilization of statistical data generated through the Philippine Statistical System for policy making (the NNS and FIES being major components thereof). Specifically, the Sixth NNS is covering 1/4 of the total Master Sample of the FIES, which enables the generation of national statistics. The Sixth NNS sample thus includes: 6,683 households, 812 Enumeration Areas, 719 barangays, all provinces (except Batanes because this province was aggregated with Cagayan province in the FIES master sample), and all regions.

Coverage to-date:

The Sixth NNS Survey Teams have covered to-date 232 out of the 812 Enumeration Areas (EA).

Three of the Teams (with six sub-teams each, and one Team Leader and eight researchers per sub-team) are presently covering Visayas, while one Team is covering Luzon (where all components except the Household FCS have been completed) for the Household FCS component. By October 2003, all Teams will begin covering Mindanao. The coverage of NCR will commence after the field operations for Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao EAs are completed.

Field Operations Staff:

The Sixth NNS is composed of 192 research staff, as follows:

4 Area Coordinators
4 Asst. to the Area Coordinators
4 Asst. Coordinators (Biochemical component)
4 Asst. Coordinators (Clinical component)
24 Team Leaders
24 Anthropometric Researchers
24 Biochemical Researchers
24 Clinical Researchers
48 Dietary Researchers
24 Science Aides

Thirty-five of the Field Operations Staff are FNRI-DOST permanent employees.

Results of the NNS data are used for:

1. Monitoring and evaluation of related programs-

- Benchmarking of nutritional status
- Identification of specific nutritional deficiencies
- Estimation of nutritional needs at national and regional levels
- Trend analysis/projection studies on malnutrition.

2. Planning and implementation of food and nutrition and relevant intervention programs.
- Nutrition education and promotion
- Nutrition advocacy
- Estimation of food and poverty thresholds

The survey results will provide an accurate data as bases for policy and program recommendations for short and long term solutions to national nutrition and health problems.

 

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  Updated  January 2014
 
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Tel. Nos. (02) 837-2934/837-3164
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