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 pinggangpinoy icon-rev.jpg A new, easy-to-understand food guide that uses a familiar food plate model to convey the right food group proportions on a per-meal basis to meet the body's energy and nutrient needs of adults.                                                      
Anthropometric Status of Children 0-5 years by Wealth Quintile:  Results from the 2011 Updating Survey
Background: Disaggregating survey results by economic status using asset-based wealth index has been widely used around the world as a way of characterizing equity information in the absence of reliable income or expenditure data. In the Philippines, the 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey of National Statistics Office used an asset based wealth index to disaggregate the survey results by wealth index by quintile groups.  Objective: The objective of the study is to classify survey households by wealth index using household assets, household characteristics, access to utilities and infrastructure, and to correlate the nutritional status of children 0-60 months old by wealth quintile. Methods: Principal component analysis(PCA) was used to compute the wealth index using the household assets, household characteristics, access to utilities and infrastructure variables of the 2011 Updating of the Nutritional Status of Filipinos and Other Population Groups Survey. Prevalence of underweight, stunting, wasting and overweight was then correlated to the wealth quintile of the households. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS)and Stata 12software were used in the statistical analysis. Results: Prevalence of underweight, stunting, thinness and overweight showed significant disparities among the different wealth quintiles. Underweight, stunting and thinness was higher among 1stand 2ndwealth quintile (poorer households) while overweight was higher among the 5thquintile (wealthiest households). Conclusion and Recommendation: The wealth index using PCA was able to disaggregate the household into different economic groups. Nutritional status of children showed wide disparity among different economic groups based on wealth quintiles..>>>>>Abstracts and Posters
Characterization of Flour from Locally Grown Agricultural Crops - Brown Rice and Germinated Brown Rice

The Philippines imports an average of 2 million tons of wheat from the US, Canada and Australia and process it into flour. In 2010, the country also imported 150,000 tons of flour. The Philippines produce rice and other agricultural crops which can be used in the production of composite flour partially replacing wheat flour. The main objective of the study is to characterize brown rice flour (BRF), germinated brown rice flour (GBRF), wheat bread flour (BF) and their composites. Results show that the flour and flour composites have different physical, functional and rheological properties. The composite flours have the potential to be used in pizzas, biscuits, crackers, small pastries and flatbreads>>>>>Abstracts and Posters

Construct Validity of an Adapted Radimer/Cornell Measure of Food Insecurity in the Philippines

Measuring experiences of hunger and food insecurity has always been a challenge given the various tools available to provide these estimates both at the macro and micro level experience. The study assessed the construct validity of the adapted Radimer/Cornell instrument for measuring household food insecurity in the country by providing a factor model of the food insecurity construct. Construct validity of the adapted Radimer/Cornell measure of food insecurity used by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in its 2003 National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data of 3,568 households with 0 to 10 year old children was assessed using principal component analysis with varimax rotation. The tool identified “altered eating pattern” (factor 1) and “anxiety over quantity and quality of food” (factor 2) to characterize food insecurity among Filipino households. Based on the high factor loadings derived for each food security item, one question each from the individual and the household level measures is recommended for use in rapid assessments of food insecurity and hunger. >>>>>Abstracts and Posters

 Development of Alternative Drying Process for the Production of Stabilized Brown Rice for Commercialization
In the study completed by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in 2012, the shelf-life of brown rice was improved through a combination of steaming and force-draft drying. From the usual shelf-life of one to four months, treated brown rice was able to retain sensory acceptability & quality from four to nine months, depending on variety. This heat treatment was able to slow down enzyme hydrolysis & oxidation of lipids, thus, extending the shelf-life of brown rice. Proper packaging and inclusion of recommended Philippine palay varieties were able to address the attack of weevils and improve the sensory acceptability, respectively. However, the entire process required drying for more than one hour, hence, for large scale production, this may not be attractive for adoptors. This study aimed to develop alternative treatment process to reduce the time needed for the production of stabilized brown rice>>>>>Abstracts and Posters
 Development of Food Product from Dragon Fruits
 Dragon Fruit or Pitaya is gaining popularity due to its numerous health benefits. These properties prompted the Tangonan Family, a dragon fruit grower, to tap FNRI-DOST to develop food products namely: dragon fruit puree and dragon fruit juice and evaluate its properties and determine its shelf-life. Newly harvested and fresh dragon fruit from the Tangonan Farm in Burgos, Ilocos Norte was processed into puree and blast frozen. The dragon fruit was also processed into a ready-to-drink, clear dragon fruit juice by enzymatic reaction. Results showed that dragon fruit puree has a red violet color and a sugar content of 12.6 oBrix. It was found to have a low radical scavenging activity with a DPPH value of 18.59. Dragon fruit juice was found to be clear and reddish in color. Sensory evaluation showed that it has a general acceptability score of 7 equivalent to like moderately. When packed in stand-up pouches (SUPs) and glass bottles, it has a shelf-life of twelve (12) months and five (5) months, respectively.
>>>>>Abstracts and Posters
 Dietary Intake and Nutritional Status of Adults with Metabolic Syndrome
Objectives: The study was conducted to determine the dietary intake and nutritional status of adults with Metabolic Syndrome. Material and Methods Secondary data from the 2008 National Nutrition Survey (NNS) was utilized. The two-day non-consecutive 24-hour Food Recall intake of adults, (20 years old and above), was taken from the NNS Dietary Component (Individual Level) to assess quality and quantity of intake. Weight and height, and waist-hip circumferences were obtained from the NNS Anthropometric Component to determine mean Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and Waist-Hip ratio (WHR). The adults with Metabolic Syndrome and without Metabolic Syndrome were identified based on the metabolic risk factors data from the NNS Clinical Component. The variables from the three survey components were merged; 5,613 adults (2,690 males and 2,923 females) were included in the study. Descriptive statistics were generated and disaggregated by sex using Stata Software ver 7. T-Test was performed to determine differences of means between two groups (with and without MetS). Results: Quality of intake of male adults showed that total energy and protein were significantly higher among those with MetS than those without MetS. No significant difference among the macronutrient intake of females was observed between those with MetS and without MetS. Among the food groups, males with MetS had significantly higher intake of other cereal products, mostly from pandesal and bread, fresh meat mostly from pork, organ meat/poultry, processed meat, eggs, cooking oil, alcoholic beverages, and powdered milk than those without MetS. On the other hand, females with MetS had significantly higher intake of fruits and vegetables, other fruits, fresh fish, tuba, and condiments and spices. Anthropometric assessment revealed that mean BMI, WC, and WHR of both males and females with MetS were significantly higher than those without MetS. However, among those with MetS, females had higher prevalence of high WC than males. Conclusions and Recommendations: Dietary intake high in energy and protein may play a critical role in the progression of MetS among males but needs further analysis with regards to the extent of its relationship and relative risks. Among females, diet alone cannot explain the association with MetS and might be attributed to other modifiable risks such as increasing physical activity to achieve weight reduction. No single food item can be totally responsible for the association of diet with MetS. The overall diet quality, which is rich in fruits and vegetables, high in fiber and complex carbohydrates, low saturated fat, moderate alcohol consumption, and moderation of dietary sodium/ low salt intake, along with regular physical activity should be advocated to achieve healthy productive adult life. >>>>>Abstracts and Posters


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