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 pinggangpinoy icon-rev.jpg A new, easy-to-understand food guide that uses a familiar food plate model to convey the right food group proportions on a per-meal basis to meet the body's energy and nutrient needs of adults. .                                                      
                 
 
 
RESEARCH IN FOCUS
 
Anthropometric Status of Children 0-5 years by Wealth Quintile:  Results from the 2011 Updating Survey

Background: Disaggregating survey results by economic status using asset-based wealth index has been widely used around the world as a way of characterizing equity information in the absence of reliable income or expenditure data. In the Philippines, the 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey of National Statistics Office used an asset based wealth index to disaggregate the survey results by wealth index by quintile groups.  Objective: The objective of the study is to classify survey households by wealth index using household assets, household characteristics, access to utilities and infrastructure, and to correlate the nutritional status of children 0-60 months old by wealth quintile. Methods: Principal component analysis(PCA) was used to compute the wealth index using the household assets, household characteristics, access to utilities and infrastructure variables of the 2011 Updating of the Nutritional Status of Filipinos and Other Population Groups Survey. Prevalence of underweight, stunting, wasting and overweight was then correlated to the wealth quintile of the households. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS)and Stata 12software were used in the statistical analysis. Results: Prevalence of underweight, stunting, thinness and overweight showed significant disparities among the different wealth quintiles. Underweight, stunting and thinness was higher among 1stand 2ndwealth quintile (poorer households) while overweight was higher among the 5thquintile (wealthiest households). Conclusion and Recommendation: The wealth index using PCA was able to disaggregate the household into different economic groups. Nutritional status of children showed wide disparity among different economic groups based on wealth quintiles.. >Abstracts and Posters

Characterization of Flour from Locally Grown Agricultural Crops - Brown Rice and Germinated Brown Rice

The Philippines imports an average of 2 million tons of wheat from the US, Canada and Australia and process it into flour. In 2010, the country also imported 150,000 tons of flour. The Philippines produce rice and other agricultural crops which can be used in the production of composite flour partially replacing wheat flour. The main objective of the study is to characterize brown rice flour (BRF), germinated brown rice flour (GBRF), wheat bread flour (BF) and their composites. Results show that the flour and flour composites have different physical, functional and rheological properties. The composite flours have the potential to be used in pizzas, biscuits, crackers, small pastries and flatbreads. >Abstracts and Posters

Construct Validity of an Adapted Radimer/Cornell Measure of Food Insecurity in the Philippines

Measuring experiences of hunger and food insecurity has always been a challenge given the various tools available to provide these estimates both at the macro and micro level experience. The study assessed the construct validity of the adapted Radimer/Cornell instrument for measuring household food insecurity in the country by providing a factor model of the food insecurity construct. Construct validity of the adapted Radimer/Cornell measure of food insecurity used by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in its 2003 National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data of 3,568 households with 0 to 10 year old children was assessed using principal component analysis with varimax rotation. The tool identified “altered eating pattern” (factor 1) and “anxiety over quantity and quality of food” (factor 2) to characterize food insecurity among Filipino households. Based on the high factor loadings derived for each food security item, one question each from the individual and the household level measures is recommended for use in rapid assessments of food insecurity and hunger. >Abstracts and Posters

Development of Alternative Drying Process for the Production of Stabilized Brown Rice for Commercialization

In the study completed by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in 2012, the shelf-life of brown rice was improved through a combination of steaming and force-draft drying. From the usual shelf-life of one to four months, treated brown rice was able to retain sensory acceptability & quality from four to nine months, depending on variety. This heat treatment was able to slow down ezyme hydrolysis & oxidation of lipids, thus, extending the shelf-life of brown rice. Proper packaging and inclusion of recommended Philippine palay varieties were able to address the attack of weevils and improve the sensory acceptability, respectively. However, the entire process required drying for more than one hour, hence, for large scale production, this may not be attractive for adoptors. This study aimed to develop alternative treatment process to reduce the time needed for the production of stabilized brown rice. >Abstracts and Posters

 
 
 
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